EUROPA - Syndicated Research News Feed. This RSS feed includes the most recent updates to selected research-related news feeds across Europe.
Updated: 13 min 19 sec ago
[Source: JRC] In collaboration with international organisations, a JRC scientist defined criteria for the selection of positive/negative control samples to assess developmental neurotoxicity hazard posed by environmental and industrial chemicals.
[Source: JRC] Today, the JRC issued two MARS (Monitoring Agricultural ResourceS) crop monitoring bulletins: one focussing on the winter hardening and frost damage of winter cereals in Europe, and the second focusing on crop sowing conditions in northern Africa. This latter is the first of a new series of MARS crop monitoring bulletins that will be published in 2017 covering the European neighbourhood, namely northern Africa (Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya and Egypt), Turkey, Ukraine, Kazakhstan and Russia.
[Source: JRC] A JRC-DG MARE report has just been published, showing that the performance of the EU fishing fleet has significantly improved in recent years, moving from a loss-making position in 2008 to record-high net profits of €770 million in 2014 – up from €500 million in 2013. Forecasts for 2016 remain positive.
[Source: JRC] For the fourth time the JRC has been invited to contribute its statistical expertise to the Global Talent Competitiveness Index (GTCI), a global benchmark of attracting talent developed by the Institut européen d'administration des affaires (INSEAD) which was launched at the World Economic Forum Annual Meeting in Davos on January 16th 2017.
[Source: JRC] The EC-JRC released a EU wide review at national and sectorial level on food contact materials (FCMs) for which there are no specific measures at EU level. The study reveals a number of shortcomings for these sectors with variations in for example national risk assessment approaches, their risk management and their controls. This baseline study provides insight in the possible safety and trade impact of the current regulatory scheme and indicates where improvements are needed, thus serving as a reference for potential policy options.
[Source: JRC] Recent food crises have revealed the importance of timely, reliable and accessible food price information to monitor food security and to support informed policy decision-making, improved market transparency and more efficient value chains. The European Commission's Directorate General for International Cooperation and Development (DG DEVCO), together with the Joint Research Centre (JRC) and its research partners, are actively exploring innovative methodologies for data collection and how they can contribute to early warnings about food security.
[Source: JRC] Changes in climate are already having wide-ranging impacts on ecosystems, the economy and on human health and well-being in Europe, according to the report ‘Climate change, impacts and vulnerability in Europe 2016’, launched today by the European Environment Agency (EEA).
[Source: JRC] Efficient structural design is a prerequisite of safe, resilient and sustainable building construction. Local climatic, geographical and geological conditions (e.g. snow loads, earthquakes) affect the performance of buildings in terms of safety and sustainability, having a direct impact on construction cost and quality of life. Such parameters are described through climatic and seismic maps produced at national level based on diverse approaches and data.
[Source: JRC] In December 2016 the European Commission’s Joint Research Center (JRC) successfully completed the first experiment of Sentinel 1 global data processing in the frame of the JRC “Global Human Settlement Layer” scientific activities. The S1 GHSL experiment was supported by JRC Earth Observation Data and Processing Platform (JEODPP) developed in the context of the JRC “Big Data Pilot Project”.
[Source: JRC] It was estimated that over 50,000 patients, in Europe, were diagnosed with thyroid cancer (TC) in 2012. The incidence rates have been increasing over time mainly due to the widespread use of ultrasound examinations in detecting small tumours.
[Source: JRC] Scientists from the JRC Geel in Belgium have published a JRC-technical report contributing to the validation of the so-called "Cristallini” method for collecting sampling of UF6 at nuclear facilities for safeguards purposes.
[Source: JRC] The exponential decay of radionuclides as a function of time is a cornerstone of nuclear physics. Decay constants for spontaneous radioactive decay are considered invariable in time and space. This convenient trait allows projecting activity values to a point of time in the past or the future. The exponential-decay law has many applications, e.g. in nuclear dating for archaeology, geo- and cosmochronology, dosimetry in nuclear medicine, nuclear waste management, etc.
[Source: JRC] JRC scientists supported a review on the current status quo of the technology available for the detection of toxins with potential bioterrorism relevance. This work was carried out by partners of the European project EQuATox and was coordinated by the German Robert Koch Institute.
[Source: JRC] The JRC – hosting the European Reference Laboratory on Food Contact Materials – contributed to a study to showing the impact of the nature of food in its "attractiveness" to contaminants from plastic packaging. The focus was on the migration of the chemical compound benzophenone from low-density polyethylene. The study revealed how specific foods and packaging polymers interact (mathematics of transfer of components from packaging into foods) to better predict migration and ultimately exposure to chemicals from food contact materials.
[Source: JRC] Taking in-stream nitrogen retention as a proxy for water purification, the study estimates the actual value of the contribution of sustainable water bodies to human activities.
[Source: JRC] In a collaborative effort, the JRC and three European partner organisations gathered lacking knowledge necessary to develop predictive in vitro tests that can identify the risk for the development of cumulative dose-dependent cardiotoxicity of cancer patients treated with anthracyclines.
[Source: JRC] JRC scientists developed a new certified reference material (CRM) to improve the accuracy of methylmercury measurements in food. This CRM (ERM-AE671) consists of isotopically labelled methylmercury with certified values for the isotopic composition. Used as internal standard, it will make the measurements of methylmercury more accurate.
[Source: Research & Innovation] Hemp has been a source for materials, fibres and textiles for millennia. Now, an EU-funded project has used cutting-edge genomic approaches to boost hemp production, improve quality and advance scientific understanding of the crop. The research has led to new varieties and processes, providing a sustainable alternative to synthetic fibres and a wide range of other bio-based products.
[Source: F4E] The 70 pieces of equipment for the ITER magnets have been successfully manufactured.
[Source: Research & Innovation] The EU-funded LONGPOP project will train young researchers in the skills needed to fully exploit big data. With a focus on social change, the researchers will be able to apply the knowledge and techniques learnt to helping welfare systems prepare for the years ahead.