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EUROPA - Syndicated Research News Feed. This RSS feed includes the most recent updates to selected research-related news feeds across Europe.
Updated: 1 hour 24 min ago

Criteria for selection of reference chemicals for the evaluation of alternative methods to assess developmental neurotoxicity - Tue, 24/01/2017 - 04:54

Thu, 2017-06-01 07:00
[Source: JRC] In collaboration with international organisations, a JRC scientist defined criteria for the selection of positive/negative control samples to assess developmental neurotoxicity hazard posed by environmental and industrial chemicals.

Crop monitoring and forecasts for Europe and northern Africa - Mon, 23/01/2017 - 17:17

Thu, 2017-06-01 07:00
[Source: JRC] Today, the JRC issued two MARS (Monitoring Agricultural ResourceS) crop monitoring bulletins: one focussing on the winter hardening and frost damage of winter cereals in Europe, and the second focusing on crop sowing conditions in northern Africa. This latter is the first of a new series of MARS crop monitoring bulletins that will be published in 2017 covering the European neighbourhood, namely northern Africa (Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya and Egypt), Turkey, Ukraine, Kazakhstan and Russia.

Good news for the EU Fishing Fleet – Positive trends in economic performance and sustainability - Tue, 24/01/2017 - 14:29

Thu, 2017-06-01 07:00
[Source: JRC] A JRC-DG MARE report has just been published,  showing that the performance of the EU fishing fleet has significantly improved in recent years, moving from a loss-making position in 2008 to record-high net profits of €770 million in 2014 – up from €500 million in 2013. Forecasts for 2016 remain positive.

JRC Supports 2017 Global Talent Competitiveness Index - Wed, 25/01/2017 - 10:23

Thu, 2017-06-01 07:00
[Source: JRC] For the fourth time the JRC has been invited to contribute its statistical expertise to the Global Talent Competitiveness Index (GTCI), a global benchmark of attracting talent developed by the Institut européen d'administration des affaires (INSEAD) which was launched at the World Economic Forum Annual Meeting in Davos on January 16th 2017.

Mapping the industry and regulatory frameworks for food contact materials to support better regulation - Wed, 18/01/2017 - 04:19

Thu, 2017-06-01 07:00
[Source: JRC] The EC-JRC released a EU wide review at national and sectorial level on food contact materials (FCMs) for which there are no specific measures at EU level. The study reveals a number of shortcomings for these sectors with variations in for example national risk assessment approaches, their risk management and their controls. This baseline study provides insight in the possible safety and trade impact of the current regulatory scheme and indicates where improvements are needed, thus serving as a reference for potential policy options.

Real-time food prices in Africa enabled by new technologies and people&039;s participation - Wed, 11/01/2017 - 15:41

Thu, 2017-06-01 07:00
[Source: JRC] Recent food crises have revealed the importance of timely, reliable and accessible food price information to monitor food security and to support informed policy decision-making, improved market transparency and more efficient value chains. The European Commission's Directorate General for International Cooperation and Development (DG DEVCO), together with the Joint Research Centre (JRC) and its research partners, are actively exploring innovative methodologies for data collection and how they can contribute to early warnings about food security.

Significant JRC contributions to European Environment Agency report on Climate Change - Wed, 25/01/2017 - 08:40

Thu, 2017-06-01 07:00
[Source: JRC] Changes in climate are already having wide-ranging impacts on ecosystems, the economy and on human health and well-being in Europe, according to the report ‘Climate change, impacts and vulnerability in Europe 2016’, launched today by the European Environment Agency (EEA).

Sustainable and safe buildings for all environments - Wed, 25/01/2017 - 10:40

Thu, 2017-06-01 07:00
[Source: JRC] Efficient structural design is a prerequisite of safe, resilient and sustainable building construction. Local climatic, geographical and geological conditions (e.g. snow loads, earthquakes) affect the performance of buildings in terms of safety and sustainability, having a direct impact on construction cost and quality of life. Such parameters are described through climatic and seismic maps produced at national level based on diverse approaches and data.

The First Experiment on Processing the Big Data for Monitoring Human Presence on Earth - Mon, 16/01/2017 - 14:11

Thu, 2017-06-01 07:00
[Source: JRC] In December 2016 the European Commission’s Joint Research Center (JRC) successfully completed the first experiment of Sentinel 1 global data processing in the frame of the JRC “Global Human Settlement Layer” scientific activities. The S1 GHSL experiment was supported by JRC Earth Observation Data and Processing Platform (JEODPP) developed in the context of the JRC “Big Data Pilot Project”.

The JRC released a factsheet on thyroid cancer in Europe, in collaboration with the European Network of Cancer Registries - Thu, 19/01/2017 - 09:27

Thu, 2017-06-01 07:00
[Source: JRC] It was estimated that over 50,000 patients, in Europe, were diagnosed with thyroid cancer (TC) in 2012. The incidence rates have been increasing over time mainly due to the widespread use of ultrasound examinations in detecting small tumours.

Validation of the "Cristallini Method" for sampling of Uranium hexafluoride (UF6) - Fri, 13/01/2017 - 15:56

Thu, 2017-06-01 07:00
[Source: JRC] Scientists from the JRC Geel in Belgium have published a JRC-technical report contributing to the validation of the so-called "Cristallini” method for collecting sampling of UF6 at nuclear facilities for safeguards purposes.

JRC Study on Radionuclide Half-life Length - Safeguarding the unit Becquerel (Bq) - Tue, 10/01/2017 - 10:13

Thu, 2017-06-01 07:00
[Source: JRC] The exponential decay of radionuclides as a function of time is a cornerstone of nuclear physics. Decay constants for spontaneous radioactive decay are considered invariable in time and space. This convenient trait allows projecting activity values to a point of time in the past or the future. The exponential-decay law has many applications, e.g. in nuclear dating for archaeology, geo- and cosmochronology, dosimetry in nuclear medicine, nuclear waste management, etc.

Review on technology for the detection of biological toxins with potential bioterrorism relevance - Fri, 06/01/2017 - 01:03

Thu, 2017-06-01 07:00
[Source: JRC] JRC scientists supported a review on the current status quo of the technology available for the detection of toxins with potential bioterrorism relevance. This work was carried out by partners of the European project EQuATox and was coordinated by the German Robert Koch Institute.

Improving the prediction of exposure to chemicals from food packaging - Thu, 05/01/2017 - 05:32

Thu, 2017-06-01 07:00
[Source: JRC] The JRC – hosting the European Reference Laboratory on Food Contact Materials – contributed to a study to showing the impact of the nature of food in its "attractiveness" to contaminants from plastic packaging. The focus was on the migration of the chemical compound benzophenone from low-density polyethylene. The study revealed how specific foods and packaging polymers interact (mathematics of transfer of components from packaging into foods) to better predict migration and ultimately exposure to chemicals from food contact materials.

Water purification by Mother Nature and its benefits for society - Wed, 04/01/2017 - 09:00

Thu, 2017-06-01 07:00
[Source: JRC] Taking in-stream nitrogen retention as a proxy for water purification, the study estimates the actual value of the contribution of sustainable water bodies to human activities.

Assessing drug-induced cardiotoxicity in vitro - Wed, 04/01/2017 - 05:15

Thu, 2017-06-01 07:00
[Source: JRC] In a collaborative effort, the JRC and three European partner organisations gathered lacking knowledge necessary to develop predictive in vitro tests that can identify the risk for the development of cumulative dose-dependent cardiotoxicity of cancer patients treated with anthracyclines.

A new CRM to make mercury measurements in food more reliable - Tue, 03/01/2017 - 01:02

Thu, 2017-06-01 07:00
[Source: JRC] JRC scientists developed a new certified reference material (CRM) to improve the accuracy of methylmercury measurements in food. This CRM (ERM-AE671) consists of isotopically labelled methylmercury with certified values for the isotopic composition. Used as internal standard, it will make the measurements of methylmercury more accurate.

Vitamin D Nutrition & Health Current and Future Perspectives - 5-6 September 2017, Cork, Ireland

Wed, 2017-02-22 07:00
[Source: Research & Innovation] This international conference on vitamin D will be an important forum for presentation, discussion and exchange of ideas on current research in the area of vitamin D. The conference coincides with the closing stages of the ODIN R&I project and the main scientific findings from the project will be presented together with several invited international keynote speakers on topics related to vitamin D and health. This conference will be of interest to many, with health professionals, food industry decision makers, food/nutrition policy regulators, as well as academics, researchers and students expected to attend. The main symposia will focus on: • Dietary Requirements for Vitamin D • Evidence-base for food strategies for tackling inadequacies of vitamin D intake and status • Issues in relation to Vitamin D and Health in Adults, as well as at Key Life Stages • Safety and population surveillance

3rd International Conference on Lipid Science & Technology - 11-12 December 2017, Rome, Italy

Wed, 2017-02-22 07:00
[Source: Research & Innovation] 3rd International Conference on Lipid Science & Technology is going to be held in Rome, Italy during December 11-12, 2017. Lipid Conferences will lay a platform for world-class Lipidologists, Professors, Doctors, Biochemists, Molecular biologists and Scientists to discuss an approach for lipidomics. So, Lipids 2017 welcomes the Professors, Research scholars, Industrial Professionals, Pharmaceutical Researchers, physicians and student delegates from lipids field and healthcare sectors to be part of it. Lipids 2017 Conference is an unquestionable requirement to join as it will give an inside and out perspective of world-class, interdisciplinary examination dialog from fundamental science scientists through clinical specialists to end up pioneers in exploration on lipid digestion system and its connection to cardiovascular sickness, diabetes, weight, atherosclerosis, metabolic disorders, immunological illnesses, and disease and so forth.

Controlled catalysis for ultra-clean fuels

Wed, 2017-02-22 07:00
[Source: ERC] “Without catalysts society would not exist as we know it today,” says Krijn de Jong, professor of inorganic chemistry and catalysis at Universiteit Utrecht in the Netherlands. “Catalysts are crucial for energy conversion, chemicals production and environmental processes such as cleaning exhaust gases.”

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